1. Regions where the Eclipse will be visible
On Kartik Poornima (8.11.2022, Tuesday), including India the eclipse will be visible in the whole of Asia, Australia, the eastern region of America and the whole of South America.
2. The total lunar eclipse will be visible in Bharat
This lunar eclipse will be visible everywhere in India. During moonrise the moon will be visible partially. Therefore, the onset of the eclipse will not be seen anywhere in India. Some parts of eastern India might see the total lunar eclipse; but this eclipse will be visible in Maharashtra and other regions as partial.
2 A. Timings of the lunar eclipse (as per Mumbai, Bharat)
Start (Sparsha) : 2.39 pm
Middle of the eclipse (Madhya) : 4.30 pm
Culmination (End of eclipse [Moksha]) : 6:19 pm
2 B. Grahan parva (note 1)
(Total duration of the eclipse from the beginning till culmination) : 3 hours 40 min
Note 1 – Parva means period of benefit. The period from the beginning to culmination of the eclipse is the period when benefit is derived. As per Scriptures if during this period you remain in communion with God then you derive spiritual benefit.
2 C. Punykaal (Auspicious period)
From moonrise (from sunset in that village) to end of eclipse is the Punyakaal. (Reference : Date Panchang)
3. Onset of the eclipse
When the earth comes between the sun and moon its shadow falls on the moon decreasing its radiance. At that time the moon appears blood red. When the shadow of the earth encompasses the moon completely it is called a total lunar eclipse.
As the shadow of the earth starts falling on the moon, its radiance starts decreasing gradually. This phenomenon is referred to as ‘onset of the eclipse’.
Since this eclipse will be visible (as given in point no. 2.) (total lunar eclipse) on Tuesday 8.11.2022, the rules and regulations of the eclipse should be observed from sunrise to end of eclipse (moksha) (up to 6.19 pm). Children, elderly, sick persons and pregnant women should observe the eclipse from 11 am to sunset on Tuesday.
4. Restrictions to be followed during eclipse
One can bathe, perform ritualistic worship, or perform daily rituals, chanting, rites for the deceased (shraddha) etc at the start of eclipse. During eclipse, eating is prohibited, but one can drink water, sleep, and urination & defaecation are also allowed. However these actions are prohibited during the eclipse, that is from sunset (local time) to 6.19 pm.
A. Importance of following restrictions from the health point of view
The benefit of spiritual practice performed during the eclipse will be a thousand times greater than otherwise. That is precisely why it is important to give priority to spiritual practice during this period.
1. Physical : As before the eclipse micro-organisms multiply rapidly food gets spoilt soon. During this period immunity to disease is lowered. So just as food cooked the previous night is spoilt the next day so also the food cooked before the eclipse becomes contaminated so it should be discarded. However this rule does not apply to milk and water. Both can be used after the eclipse.
2. Psychological : The period before the eclipse also affects the mental health. According to psychiatrists some individuals develop psychological illnesses such as depression, anxiety etc.
3. Remedies : If the mind is kept engrossed in religious acts such as chanting, recitation of stotras (Holy verses), mediation, concentration on chanting etc. before the eclipse till its culmination then the benefits are tremendous.
5. Actions to be performed during eclipse
1. As soon as the eclipse starts (at Sparsha) take a bath.
2. During Parva kaal perform ritualistic worship, offer water (tarpan) or perform rites for the deceased (shraddha), chant, perform fire sacrifices and offer donations.
3. If the recitation of some mantra which had to be stopped earlier due to some reason is restarted during this period then the benefits are received manifold.
4. Bathe after culmination of the eclipse.
If there is seclusion (asouch) during this period one can bathe or offer donations.
6. Effects of eclipse on different Zodiac (Sun) Signs
Positive effects : Mithun (Gemini), Vrushchik (Scorpio), Karka (Cancer) and Kumbha (Aquarius)
Negative effects : Mesh(Aries), Vrushabh (Taurus), Makar (Capricorn) and Kanya (Virgo)
Mixed effects : Sinha (Leo), Meen (Pisces), Tula (Libra) and Dhanu (Sagittarius)
Those sun signs for which the effects are negative and pregnant women should not see the lunar eclipse.
(Refernce : Date Panchang)
7. Lunar Eclipse and Tulsi Vivah
Tulsi vivah started on Kartik Shukla Dwadashi, Saturday 5.11.2022 and ends on Tuesday 8.11.2022, full moon day. On Tuesday 8.11.2022, since there is Lunar Eclipse, on can celebrate Tulsi vivah after 6.19 PM i.e. after Ghrahan Moksha, after taking a bath. But it will be more appropriate to do Tulsi vivah on one of the days between 5.11.2022 to 7.11.2022.’ (Reference : Date Panchang)
– Mrs. Prajakta Joshi (Jyotish Phalit Visharad), Maharshi Adhyatma Vishwavidyalay, Astrology Section, Sanatan ashram, Ramnathi, Goa