Complete Shri Ganesh Chaturthi pujavidhi

List of articles of worship

Kumkum 100 gm Coconut 5 Shri Ganesh Idol 1 Aamrapallav 5
Turmeric powder 100 gm Bettlenut leaves 25 Chourang Ekarti 1
Sindur 25 gm Rice 1 kg Wooden seat 4 Pancharti 1
Astagandha 50 gm 1 Rupee coins 10 Pot 1 Matchbox 1
Rangoli 250 gm Sesame seed oil 1 ltr Tamhan 3 Paraat (tray)
Fragrance 1 bottle Pure Ghee 100 gm Ghanta 1 Modak 35
Sacred thread 2 Flowers 1 kg Metal lamps 2 Karanji 15
Incense sticks 25 Garlands of flower 3 Five-petaled metal lamp-dish 4 Dhoop 100 gm
Camphor 25 gm Tulsi 25 twigs each with 2 leaves Panchapatri 1 Blouse piece 1
Vaati (cotton wicks) 50 Durva 200 Offering spoon 1 Material for toran
Cotton vastra 6 (with 7 beads) Bel leaves 15 Tabak (Dish) 5 Cloth to wipe the Deity
Akshata 100 gm Fruits 10 (5 varieties) Panchamrut Bowls 15
Supari 15 Patri Vessels 1

 

Installation of the Idol on the seat

Before commencing the ritualistic worship, rice (any other food grain if rice not available) is spread over the seat and then the Idol is placed on it. A fistful or a small mound of rice is used depending on the local custom. The benefit obtained by installing the Idol on rice grains is given ahead.

After invoking Shri Ganapatitattva (Shri Ganapati Principle) into the Idol and performing the ritualistic worship, energy is created in the Idol. The rice on which the Idol is placed gets charged with this energy. If two stringed musical instruments of the same frequency are placed side by side and sound is generated in one, the same sound is resonated by the other too. Similarly, generation of vibrations of Shakti in the rice kept below the Idol results in generation of vibrations of Shakti in the rice stored in the house, too. Thus, rice grains charged with Shakti can be consumed as Prasad (Holy sacrament) throughout the year.

Reference : Sanatan’s Holy Text ’Shri Ganapati’

 

Rituals before the main ritualistic worship and their significance

While performing each of the following rituals, a specific mantra of each ritual is recited.

1. Achaman (Sipping water from the right palm after pronouncing the 24 Names of Shrivishnu) : This brings about internal purification. One should perform mudra of achaman with the right hand and pour water from offering spoon with the left hand into the right hand palm and drink the water after pronouncing Shrivishnu’s Name after the word ‘नमः’

श्री केशवाय नमः ।

श्री नारायणाय नमः ।

श्री माधवाय नमः ।

While pronouncing the fourth Name, the worshipper should pour the water into the tamhan through the right hand palm.

श्री गोविन्दाय नमः ।

Worshipper should perform the mudra of namaskar with the hands joined and placed near the chest and pronounce the remaining Names with the spiritual emotion of surrender.

श्री विष्णवे नमः ।

श्री मधुसूदनाय नमः ।

श्री त्रिविक्रमाय नमः ।

श्री वामनाय नमः ।

श्री श्रीधराय नमः ।

श्री हृषीकेशाय नमः ।

श्री पद्मनाभाय नमः ।

श्री दामोदराय नमः ।

श्री सङ्कर्षणाय नमः ।

श्री वासुदेवाय नमः ।

श्री प्रद्मुम्नाय नमः ।

श्री अनिरुद्धाय नमः ।

श्री पुरुषोत्तमाय नमः ।

श्री अधोक्षजाय नमः ।

श्री नारसिंहाय नमः ।

श्री अच्युताय नमः ।

श्री जनार्दनाय नमः ।

श्री उपेन्द्राय नमः ।

श्री हरये नमः ।

श्री श्रीकृष्णाय नमः ।।

2. Devatasmaran (Remembrance of God) :

श्रीमन्महागणाधिपतये नमः ।

Meaning : I pay obeisance to the chief of the ganas (Assistants of Deities), Shri Ganapati.

इष्टदेवताभ्यो नमः ।

Meaning : I pay obeisance to my Deity of worship.

कुलदेवताभ्यो नमः ।

Meaning : I pay obeisance to my Family Deity.

ग्रामदेवताभ्यो नमः ।

Meaning : I pay obeisance to the Village Deity.

स्थानदेवताभ्यो नमः ।

Meaning : I pay obeisance to the Presiding Deity of the place.

वास्तुदेवताभ्यो नमः ।

Meaning : I pay obeisance to the Deity of the Premise.

आदित्यादिनवग्रहदेवताभ्यो नमः ।

Meaning : I pay obeisance to Sun Deity and the Deities of the 9 planets.

सर्वेभ्यो देवेभ्यो नमः ।

Meaning : I pay obeisance to all the Deities.

सर्वेभ्यो ब्राह्मणेभ्यो नमो नमः ।

Meaning : I pay obeisance to all Brahmins (Those possessing knowledge of the universe).

अविघ्नमस्तु ।

Meaning : Let all obstacles be overcome.

सुमुखश्चैकदन्तश्च कपिलो गजकर्णकः ।

लम्बोदरश्च विकटो विघ्ननाशो गणाधिपः ।।

धूम्रकेतुर्गणाध्यक्षो भालचन्द्रो गजाननः ।

द्वादशैतानि नामानि यः पठेच्छृणुयादपि ।।

विद्यारम्भे विवाहे च प्रवेशे निर्गमे तथा ।

सङ्ग्रामे सङ्कटे चैव विघ्नस्तस्य न जायते ।।

Meaning : One who chants these 12 Names of Shri Ganapati or listens to their recitation during the marriage ceremony, before starting to study, while entering the home or exiting the home, while going on the battlefield or when in distress, he or she will never face any obstacles in the tasks undertaken.

शुक्लाम्बरधरं देवं शशिवर्णं चतुर्भुजम् ।

प्रसन्नवदनं ध्यायेत् सर्वविघ्नोपशान्तये ।।

Meaning : I meditate on Bhagwan Shrivishnu, the One with fair complexion, wearing white clothes, bearing 4 hands and having pleasant face, for destroying all the obtstacles.

सर्वमङ्गलमाङ्गल्ये शिवे सर्वार्थसाधिके ।

शरण्ये त्र्यम्बके गौरि नारायणि नमोऽस्तुते ।।

Meaning : O Narayani Devi, the One most pious, sacred, benevolent, bearing 3 eyes, is a place of surrender for all and having fair complexion, I pay obeisance to you.

सर्वदा सर्वकार्येषु नास्ति तेषाममङ्गलम् ।

येषां हृदिस्थो भगवान्मङ्गलायतनं हरिः ।।

Meaning : Those who reside in a sacred place (heaven) with Shrivishnu dwelling in their hearts, the tasks of such souls always become successful.

तदेव लग्नं सुदिनं तदेव ताराबलं चन्द्रबलं तदेव ।

विद्याबलं दैवबलं तदेव लक्ष्मीपते तेंऽघ्रियुगं स्मरामि ।।

Meaning : O Master of Devi Lakhsmi (Shrivishnu), remembrance of Your holy feet itself is marriage, auspicious day, and imparts benevolence of planets, Deities, Moon and knowledge.

लाभस्तेषां जयस्तेषां कुतस्तेषां पराजयः ।

येषामिन्दीवरश्यामो हृदयस्थो जनार्दनः ।

Meaning : When the One with bluish-black complexion and benevolent (Bhagwan Shrivishnu) for all, resides in the heart of His devotee, how will such devotee face any failure? He will always succeed and his wishes would be fulfilled.

यत्र योगेश्वरः कृष्णो यत्र पार्थो धनुर्धरः ।

तत्र श्रीर्विजयो भूतिर्ध्रुवा नीतिर्मतिर्मम ।।

Meaning : ‘Where a great Yogi Shrikrushna and a great archer Arjun are present, there the wealth and success are guaranteed’, is my firm opinion.

विनायकं गुरुं भानुं ब्रह्मविष्णुमहेश्वरान् ।

सरस्वतीं प्रणौम्यादौ सर्वकार्यार्थसिद्धये ।।

Meaning : For achieving success in all the tasks I first pay obeisance to Ganapati, Guru, Surya, Brahma, Vishnu, Mahesh and Devi Saraswati.

अभीप्सितार्थसिध्द्यर्थं पूजितो यः सुरासुरैः ।

सर्वविघ्नहरस्तस्मै गणाधिपतये नमः ।।

Meaning : For achieving success in all the tasks, I pay obeisance to Gananayak, who is worshipped by everyone including Deities and Daemons, and who alleviates all the obstacles.

सर्वेष्वारब्धकार्येषु त्रयस्त्रिभुवनेश्वराः ।

देवा दिशन्तु नः सिद्धिं ब्रह्मेशानजनार्दनाः ।।

Meaning : Prayer to Brahma-Vishnu-Mahesh, the Masters of the three regions – Earth, Heaven, Nether region, to bestow success in all the activities initiated.

3. Desh-kal-kathan : Pronounce the name of the country and time-period. Worshipper should apply water to both of his eyes and recite the following

श्रीमद्भगवतो महापुरुषस्य विष्णोराज्ञया प्रवर्तमानस्य अद्य ब्रह्मणो द्वितीये परार्धे विष्णुपदे श्रीश्

वेतवाराहकल्पे वैवस्वतमन्वन्तरे अष्टाविंशतितमे युगे युगचतुष्के कलियुगे प्रथमचरणे जम्बुद्वीपे भरतवर्षे भरतखण्डे दक्षिणपथे रामक्षेत्रे बौद्धावतारे दण्डकारण्ये देशे गोदावर्याः दक्षिणे तीरेे शालिवाहन शके अस्मिन् वर्तमाने व्यावहारिके विलम्बीनाम संवत्सरे दक्षिणायने वर्षा ऋतौ भाद्रपद मासे शुक्ल पक्षे चतुर्थ्यां तिथौ बृहस्पति वासरे स्वाती दिवस नक्षत्रे एेंद्र योगे शुभ करणे तुला स्थिते वर्तमाने श्रीचंद्रे सिंह स्थिते वर्तमाने श्रीसूर्ये तुला स्थिते वर्तमाने श्रीदेवगुरौ धनु स्थिते वर्तमाने श्रीशनैश्

चरौ शेषेषु सर्वग्रहेषु यथायथं राशिस्थानानि स्थितेषु एवङ् ग्रह-गुणविशेषेण विशिष्टायां शुभपुण्यतिथौ…

If the worshipper is unable to recite the above ‘Desh-kal’, he can recite the following shloka

तिथिर्विष्णुस्तथा वारो नक्षत्रं विष्णुरेव च ।

योगश्च करणं चैव सर्वं विष्णुमयं जगत् ।।

Meaning : By remembering Shrivishnu’s Name, one can derive the same benefit of reciting Tithi, day, nakshatra, yog and karan, as entire universe is Shrivishnu’s form.

4. Sankalpa (Resolve) : It is difficult to derive the benefit of a ritual without making a sankalpa. One should take akshata in one’s right hand and make following resolve.

मम आत्मनः परमेश्वराज्ञारूपसकलशास्त्रश्रुतिस्मृतिपुराणोक्तफलप्राप्तिद्वारा श्रीपरमेश्वरप्रीत्यर्थं मम श्रीसिद्धिविनायक- प्रीतिद्वारा सकलपापक्षयपूर्वकं सर्वकर्मनिर्विघ्नत्वपुत्रपौत्राभिवृद्धिमहैश्वर्यविद्याविजयसंपदादिकल्पोक्तफलसिध्द्यर्थम् श्री उमामहेश्वरसहितश्रीसिद्धिविनायकदेवताप्रीत्यर्थं ध्यानावाहनादि षोडशोपचारैः पूजनमहं करिष्ये । तत्रादौ निर्विघ्नतासिध्द्यर्थं श्री महागणपतिपूजनं करिष्ये । शरीरशुद्ध्यर्थं विष्णुस्मरणं करिष्ये । कलशशङ्खघण्टादीपपूजनं च करिष्ये ।।

 

Shri Mahaganapatipujan

Tamhan or banana leaf is placed in front of the Idol. Small heap of rice is created on it. Coconut is placed on the heap of rice with its tuft pointing towards the worshiper. Shri Mahaganapati is then worshiped using sandalwood paste and other articles.

1. Meditation : In the mudra of Namaskar, the worshipper should hold both the hands close to his chest and recite the following sholka while meditating on Shri Mahaganapati

वक्रतुण्ड महाकाय कोटिसूर्यसमप्रभ ।

निर्विघ्नं कुरु मे देव सर्वकार्येषु सर्वदा ।।

Meaning : I pray to Shri Ganapati, One who brings about positive changes in the crooks, having huge body and radiance equivalent to million Suns, to remove all obstacles coming in the way of my tasks.

श्री महागणपतये नमः । ध्यायामि ।।

2. Invitation : Take akshata in right hand and offer them to the holy feet of Mahaganapati in the form of coconut while saying ‘आवाहयामि’

श्रीमहागणपतये नमः । महागणपतिं साङ्गं सपरिवारं सायुधं सशक्तिकं आवाहयामि ।।

3. Asan-shuddhi (Purification of the seat) : This is done by touching the seat and paying obeisance. Take akshata in right hand and offer them to the holy feet of Mahaganapati while saying ‘समर्पयामि’

श्री महागणपतये नमः । आसनार्थे अक्षतान् समर्पयामि ।।

4. Offering sandalwood paste : Apply sandalwood paste to the Deity using ring finger of the right hand. Recite below mantras and perform the tasks as mentioned in the brackets while saying ‘समर्पयामि’

श्री महागणपतये नमः । चन्दनं समर्पयामि ।। (Apply sandalwood paste)

ऋद्धिसिद्धिभ्यां नमः । हरिद्रां समर्पयामि ।। (Offer turmeric powder)

ऋद्धिसिद्धिभ्यां नमः । कुङ्कुमं समर्पयामि ।। (Offer kumkum)

श्री महागणपतये नमः । ऋद्धिसिद्धिभ्यां नमः । सिन्दूरं समर्पयामि ।। (Offer sindur)

श्री महागणपतये नमः । अलङ्कारार्थे अक्षतान् समर्पयामि ।। (Offer akshata)

श्री महागणपतये नमः । पुष्पं समर्पयामि ।। (Offer flowers.)

श्री महागणपतये नमः । दूर्वाङ्कुरान् समर्पयामि ।। (Offer durva)

श्री महागणपतये नमः । धूपं समर्पयामि ।। (Lit Incense sticks to be waved)

श्री महागणपतये नमः । दीपं समर्पयामि ।। (Lit ghee lamp to be waved)

Hold 2 durva twigs in the right hand and sprinkle water on them. Using the durva, sprinkle water on the naivedya (Holy sacrament) and while doing so place the fingers of the left hand on both the eyes and offer the naivedya by reciting following mantras

प्राणाय नमः ।

अपानाय नमः ।

व्यानाय नमः ।

उदानाय नमः ।

समानाय नमः ।

ब्रह्मणे नमः ।।

Place one durva leaf on the naivedya and offer the other one at the holy feet of Shri Ganapati. Take some water in the right hand palm and pour it in the tamhan while reciting following mantra

श्रीमहागणपतये नमः । नैवेद्यं समर्पयामि ।। मध्ये पानीयं समर्पयामि ।

उत्तरापोशनं समर्पयामि । हस्तप्रक्षालनं समर्पयामि । मुखप्रक्षालनं समर्पयामि ।। (Offer flowers anointed with sandalwood paste)

करोद्वर्तनार्थे चन्दनं समर्पयामि ।।

Offer prayer to Shri Ganapati in namaskar mudra

कार्यं मे सिद्धिमायातु प्रसन्ने त्वयि धातरि । विघ्नानि नाशमायान्तु सर्वाणि गणनायक ।।

Meaning : O Gananayak, please shower your blessings on me and remove all obstacles in the path of these tasks and get them completed successfully.

Take spoonful of water and pour it in the tamhan while saying ‘प्रीयताम्’

अनेन कृतपूजनेन श्री महागणपतिः प्रीयताम् ।

5. Purush-sukta nyas : Amidst recitation of the Purush-sukta, the Deity should be invoked in the heart, head, shikha (A tuft of hair left on the crown of the head after tonsure), face, eyes and between the eyebrows. This helps augment the Sattva component.

Paying obeisance to Shrivishnu

Wipe off both the hands and close both the hands in namaskar mudra and hold them near the chest. Chant ‘विष्णवे नमो’9 times and then at the end chant ‘विष्णवे नमः ।’

Worshipping instruments used in puja

1. Kalashapuja (Worship of the pot) : All Deities, seas, Holy rivers etc. should be invoked in the pot and gandha, flowers and akshata should be offered to it. This sattvik water is then to be used in the ritualistic worship.

गङ्गे च यमुने चैव गोदावरि सरस्वति ।

नर्मदे सिन्धुकावेरि जलेऽस्मिन् सन्निधिं कुरु ।।

कलशे गङ्गादितीर्थान्यावाहयामि ।।

कलशदेवताभ्यो नमः ।

सर्वोपचारार्थे गन्धाक्षतपुष्पं समर्पयामि ।।

2. Shankhapuja (Worship of the conch) : The conch should be washed and filled with water. Then gandha and white flowers should be offered to it. We should not offer akshata and tulsi leaves to it.

शङ्खदेवताभ्यो नमः ।

सर्वोपचारार्थे गन्धपुष्पं समर्पयामि ।।

Meaning : O Deity Conch, I pay obeisance to You and I am offering sandalwood paste and flowers to You.

3. Ghantapuja (Worship of the bell) : To welcome the Deities and drive away the demons, ring the ghanta (Bell). The bell should be washed, placed to the worshipper’s left and gandha, flowers and akshata should be offered to it.

आगमार्थं तु देवानां गमनार्थं तु रक्षसाम् ।

कुर्वे घण्टारवं तत्र देवताह्वानलक्षणम् ।।

घण्टायै नमः । सर्वोपचारार्थे गन्धाक्षतपुष्पं समर्पयामि ।।

4. Deep-puja (Worship of the lamp) : Gandha and flowers should be offered to the lamp.

भो दीप ब्रह्मरूपस्त्वं ज्योतिषां प्रभुरव्ययः ।

आरोग्यं देहि पुत्रांश्च मतिं शान्तिं प्रयच्छ मे ।।

दीपदेवताभ्यो नमः ।

सर्वोपचारार्थे गन्धाक्षतपुष्पं समर्पयामि ।।

5. Matoli : Matoli fastened above Shri Ganapati should be worshipped by offering gandha, flowers and akshata to it. (Raw fruits, roots etc. are hung from the ceiling in front of the Idol, which is called Matoli in Goa, Bharat.)

Purification of the implements used in puja, place of worship and the worshipper

Pavitrikaran (Purification) : Take some water from the conch onto the right palm and sprinkle it over yourself and the implements used during the puja.

अपवित्रः पवित्रो वा सर्वावस्थाङ्गतोऽपि वा ।

यः स्मरेत् पुण्डरीकाक्षं स बाह्याभ्यन्तरः शुचिः ।।

Dwarpuja (Worship of the entrance) : Take flowers and akshata in your hand and scatter them in all the four directions. This is worship of Dikpal, the guardian Deities of the directions.

 

Consecration and ritualistic worship of Sri Ganesh idol

The Idol of Ganapati should be installed in the East direction.

1. Pranapratishtha (Consecration of the Idol) : Place the right hand over the heart of the Idol of the Deity and recite the mantra. Consecration of an Idol is done on Shri Ganesh Chaturthi or to awaken any new Idol. This is not included in the day-to-day ritualistic worship since the God Principle is already present in it due to regular worship.

अस्यश्रीप्राणप्रतिष्ठामन्त्रस्य ब्रह्मविष्णुमहेश्वराय-ऋषयः ऋग्यजुःसामानिछन्दांसि पराप्राण-शक्तिर्देवता आं बीजं ह्रीं

शक्तिः क्रों कीलकम् अस्यां मुर्तौ प्राणप्रतिष्ठापने विनियोगः ।।

ॐ आंह्रींक्रों अंयंरंलंवंशंषंसंहंळंक्षंअः क्रोंह्रींआं हंसः सोहम् । देवस्य प्राणाइहप्राणाः ।।

ॐ आंह्रींक्रों अंयंरंलंवंशंषंसंहंळंक्षंअः क्रोंह्रींआं हंसः सोहम् । देवस्य जीव इह स्थितः ।।

ॐ आंह्रींक्रों अंयंरंलंवंशंषंसंहंळंक्षंअः क्रोंह्रींआं हंसः सोहम् । देवस्य सर्वेन्द्रियाणि ।।

ॐ आंह्रींक्रों अंयंरंलंवंशंषंसंहंळंक्षंअः क्रोंह्रींआं हंसः सोहम् । देवस्य वाङ्मनःचक्षुःश्रोत्रजिह्वाघ्राणप्राणा इहागत्य सुखंसुचिरं तिष्ठन्तु स्वाहा ।।

अस्यै प्राणाः प्रतिष्ठन्तु अस्यै प्राणाः क्षरन्तु च ।

अस्यै देवत्वमर्चायै मामहेति च कश्चन ।।

After reciting the above mantras, the worshipper should chant ‘ॐ’or ‘परमात्मने नमः ।’for 15 times.

2. Dhyan (Meditation) : Recite the mantra, ‘Vakratunda mahakaya.. (वक्रतुंड महाकाय)’. Join both the hands in the mudra of namaskar and recite the following

ॐ गणानांत्वागणपतिंहवामहेकविंकवीनामुपमश्रवस्तमम् ।

ज्येष्ठराजंब्रह्मणांब्रह्मणस्पतआनःशृण्वन्नूतिभिःसीदसादनम् ।।

एकदन्तं शूर्पकर्णं गजवक्त्रं चतुर्भुजम् ।

पाशाङ्कुशधरं देवं ध्यायेत् सिद्धिविनायकम् ।।

श्री उमामहेश्वरसहितश्रीसिद्धिविनायकाय नमः । ध्यायामि ।।

3. Avahan (Invocation) : At the time of invoking, recite the mantra, ‘Om sahastrashirsha Purushaha…. (ॐ सहस्रशीर्षा पुरुषः)’ and offer akshata. The akshata helps attract the Principle of the Deity faster. Akshata should be held in right hand and offered unto the holy feet of Mahadev, Gauri and Siddhivinayak while saying ‘आवाहयामि’

आवाहयामि विघ्नेश सुरराजार्चितेश्वर ।

अनाथनाथ सर्वज्ञ पूजार्थं गणनायक ।।

श्री उमामहेश्वरसहितश्रीसिद्धिविनायकाय नमः । आवाहयामि ।।

4. Asan (Seat) : Offer akshata to the seat.

विचित्ररत्नरचितं दिव्यास्तरणसंयुतम् ।

स्वर्णसिंहासनं चारु गृहाण सुरपूजित ।।

श्री उमामहेश्वरसहितश्रीसिद्धिविनायकाय नमः ।

आसनार्थे अक्षतान् समर्पयामि ।।

5. Padya (Holy feet) : To wash the Deity’s Holy feet, sprinkle water on the Idol’s feet with flowers or durva.

सर्वतीर्थसमुद् भूतं पाद्यं गन्धादिभिर्युतम् ।

विघ्नराज गृहाणेदं भगवन्भक्तवत्सल ।।

श्री उमामहेश्वरसहितश्रीसिद्धिविनायकाय नमः । पाद्यं समर्पयामि ।।

6. Arghya : Take a spoonful of water, add gandha to it and sprinkle that water on the Idol with a flower. This is akin to welcoming guests by sprinkling rose water on them.

अर्घ्यं च फलसंयुक्तं गन्धपुष्पाक्षतैर्युतम् । गणाध्यक्ष नमस्तेऽस्तु गृहाण करुणानिधे ।।

श्री उमामहेश्वरसहितश्रीसिद्धिविनायकाय नमः । अर्घ्यं समर्पयामि ।।

7. Achaman : Considering that the Deity is performing achaman, take water in an offering spoon and offer it to Deity.

विनायक नमस्तुभ्यं त्रिदशैरभिवन्दितम् ।

गङ्गोदकेन देवेश शीघ्रमाचमनं कुरु ।।

श्री उमामहेश्वरसहितश्रीसिद्धिविनायकाय नमः । आचमनीयं समर्पयामि ।।

8. Snan (Ablution for cleansing of the body) : We should bathe the Deity by pouring water using an offering spoon.

गङ्गासरस्वतीरेवापयोष्णीयमुनाजलैः ।

स्नापितोऽसि मया देव तथा शान्तिं कुरुष्व मे ।।

श्री उमामहेश्वरसहितश्रीसिद्धिविनायकाय नमः । स्नानं समर्पयामि ।।

Note : For clay Idol of Shri Ganapati, sprinkle water on the Idol with a flower or durva having a bhav of actually bathing Shri Ganapati in subtle.

9. Panchamrutsnan (Bathing with the five nectars) : First bathe the Idol with panchamrut (milk, honey, curd, ghee and sugar – in this sequence). Each time, take water in an offering spoon and bathe the Idol with water. Thereafter, pour three spoons of water to symbolise performing of achaman, and finally, offer gandha, flowers and akshata.

श्री उमामहेश्वरसहितश्रीसिद्धिविनायकाय नमः । पयस्नानं समर्पयामि ।

तदन्ते शुद्धोदकस्नानं समर्पयामि ।।

श्री उमामहेश्वरसहितश्रीसिद्धिविनायकाय नमः । दधिस्नानं समर्पयामि ।।

श्री उमामहेश्वरसहितश्रीसिद्धिविनायकाय नमः । घृतस्नानं समर्पयामि ।।

श्री उमामहेश्वरसहितश्रीसिद्धिविनायकाय नमः । मधुस्नानं समर्पयामि ।।

श्री उमामहेश्वरसहितश्रीसिद्धिविनायकाय नमः । शर्करास्नानं समर्पयामि ।।

Note : For shadu Idol of Shri Ganapati, follow the same sequence of offerings with only change that instead of bathing the Idol, various components should be sprinkled on the Idol with a flower or durva having a bhav of actually offering these components to Shri Ganapati in subtle.

10. Gandhodhaksnan (Bathing with sandalwood paste) :

श्री उमामहेश्वरसहितश्रीसिद्धिविनायकाय नमः ।

गन्धोदकस्नानं समर्पयामि ।। तदन्ते शुद्धोदकस्नानं समर्पयामि ।।

Mix sandalwood paste and camphor in water and sprinkle it on the holy feet of Shri Ganapati. After that sprinkle pure water.

10. Purvapuja (Ritualistic worship before the main worship) : After worship with gandha, flowers (red flowers for Shri Ganapati), akshata, frankincense and a lit lamp; the remaining panchamrut should be used as Naivedya. To make this offering, make a mandal with water (pour some water and make a square with the water) in front of the Idol and place the panchamrut on it. (The mandal prevents energies other than the Deity’s from partaking of the offering.) There are two methods of offering Naivedya to Deities.

Method 1 – As per karmakanda

After sprinkling water on the Naivedya with two tulsi stalks with two leaves each, place one tulsi stalk on the Naivedya and offer the other at the feet of the Deity. Reciting the mantra ‘Pranaya Swaha…..’, take the fragrance of the Naivedya to the Deity with the tips of the fingers of the right hand. The science in this act is as follows – Since the waves of the five Cosmic Principles are generated by the five fingers, we are able to get, at the same time, the waves of that particular Deity in the universe associated with the five Principles.’ (Divine Knowledge received through the medium of Sanatan’s seeker H.H. (Mrs.) Anjali Gadgil, 2nd January 2005, 10.37 p.m.)

Method 2 – At the level of spiritual emotion

Sprinkle water on the Naivedya with two stalks of tulsi leaves as mentioned above, place one tulsi stalk on the Naivedya and offer the other at the feet of the Deity. Then reciting the mantra

‘Pranaya Swaha…..’, offer the Naivedya to the Deity.

As a concluding part of worship, water should be poured over the hand into the tamhan thrice, to signify washing of hands and the mouth. A flower dipped in gandha should be offered to Shri Ganapati. Betel leaves with betel nut should be placed in front of the Deity and water poured over them. We should offer flowers and pay obeisance and then release water into the tamhan.

11. Abhishek (Consecration by sprinkling with water) : After the Purvapuja, abhishek is performed while reciting the Atharvashirsha or Brahmanaspatisukta. Water is sprinkled on the Idol either with a durva or a red flower.

12. Vastrarpan : Two pieces of red cloth should be offered, one as a garland and other unto the feet of the Idol.

रक्तवस्त्रयुगं देव देवतार्हं सुमङ्गलम् ।

सर्वप्रद गृहाणेदं लम्बोदर हरात्मज ।।

श्री उमामहेश्वरसहितश्रीसिद्धिविनायकाय नमः ।

कार्पासनिर्मितं वस्त्रं समर्पयामि ।।

13. Yadnyopavit : The sacred thread should be offered to Mahadev and Siddhivinayak.

राजतं ब्रह्मसूत्रं च काञ्चनस्योत्तरीयकम् ।

विनायक नमस्तेऽस्तु गृहाण सुरवन्दित ।।

श्री उमामहेश्वरसहितश्रीसिद्धिविनायकाय नमः । यज्ञोपवीतं समर्पयामि ।।

श्री उमायै नमः । उपवीतार्थे अक्षतान् समर्पयामि ।।

14. Vilepan : Apply gandha with the ring finger.

श्रीखण्डं चन्दनं दिव्यं गन्धाढ्यं सुमनोहरम् ।

विलेपनं सुरश्रेष्ठ चन्दनं प्रतिगृह्यताम् ।।

श्री उमामहेश्वरसहितश्रीसिद्धिविनायकाय नमः । विलेपनार्थे चन्दनं समर्पयामि ।।

15. Akshatarpan : Offer akshata.

16. Sindurarpan : Offer sindur (An orange powder).

श्री उमायै नमः । श्रीसिद्धिविनायकाय नमः । सिन्दूरं समर्पयामि ।। (Offer sindur to Gauri and Siddhivinayak)

17. Anyaparimaldravya (Other fragrant substances) : Haldi (Turmeric powder), kumkum (Saffron), gulal (A red powder), bukka (A black fragrant powder), Ashtagandha etc. are offered.

श्री उमायै नमः । हरिद्रां कुङ्कुमं समर्पयामि ।। (Offer turmeric powder and kumkum)

18. Pushpa : Offer red flowers.

माल्यादीनि सुगन्धीनि मालत्यादीनि वै प्रभो ।

मया हृतानि पूजार्थं पुष्पाणि प्रतिगृह्यताम् ।।

सेवन्तिकाबकुलम्पकपाटलाब्जैः पुन्नागजातिकरवीररसालपुष्पैः ।

बिल्वप्रवालतुलसीदलमालतीभिः त्वां पूजयामि जगदीश्वर मे प्रसीद ।।

श्री उमामहेश्वरसहितश्रीसिद्धिविनायकाय नमः । ऋतुकालोद्भवपुष्पाणि समर्पयामि ।।

Offer Tulsi leaves and Bel leaves to Mahadev and Gauri.

श्री उमामहेश्वराभ्यां नमः । तुलसीपत्रं बिल्वपत्रं च समर्पयामि ।।

19. Angapuja : In this puja, offer either akshata or flowers to every part of Shri Ganapati’s body, from the feet to the head.

श्री गणेशाय नमः । पादौ पूजयामि ।। (On the feet)

श्री विघ्नराजाय नमः । जानुनी पूजयामि ।। (On the kees)

श्री आखुवाहनाय नमः । ऊरू पूजयामि ।। (On the forelegs)

श्री हेरम्बाय नमः । कटिं पूजयामि ।। (On the trunk)

श्री कामारिसूनवे नमः । नाभिं पूजयामि ।। (On the bellybutton)

श्री लम्बोदराय नमः । उदरं पूजयामि ।। (On the stomach)

श्री गौरीसुताय नमः । हृदयं पूजयामि ।। (On the chest)

श्री स्थूलकण्ठाय नमः । कण्ठं पूजयामि ।। (On the throat)

श्री स्कन्दाग्रजाय नमः । स्कन्धौ पूजयामि ।। (On the shoulders)

श्री पाशहस्ताय नमः । हस्तौ पूजयामि ।। (On the hands)

श्री गजवक्त्राय नमः । वक्त्रं पूजयामि ।। (On the face)

श्री विघ्नहर्त्रे नमः । नेत्रे पूजयामि ।। (On the eyes)

श्री सर्वेश्वराय नमः । शिरः पूजयामि ।। (On the forehead)

श्री गणाधिपाय नमः । सर्वाङ्गं पूजयामि ।। (Entire body)

20. Pushpapuja : In this puja, offer each type flower with its stalk facing the Deity, while pronouncing a specific Name.

21. Patrapuja (Worship with leaves) : In this puja, offer each type of leaf unto the feet of the Idol while pronouncing a specific Name. ‘The following twenty-one types of leaves are offered to Shri Ganapati when performing His ritualistic worship – Madhumalati, maka, bel, white durva, badari, dhatura, tulsi, shami, aghada, bruhati, karvir, rui, arjunsadada, Vishnukant, pomegranate, devadar, marubak, pipal, jai, kevada and agasti. In reality, tulsi leaves are never offered to Shri Ganapati except on the day of Shri Ganesh Chaturthi’.

श्री सुमुखाय नमः । मालतीपत्रं समर्पयामि ।। (Chameli)

श्री गणाधिपाय नमः । भृङ्गराजपत्रं समर्पयामि ।। (Maka)

श्री उमापुत्राय नमः । बिल्वपत्रं समर्पयामि ।। (Bel)

श्री गजाननाय नमः । श्वेतदूर्वापत्रं समर्पयामि ।। (White durva)

श्री लम्बोदराय नमः । बदरीपत्रं समर्पयामि ।। (Badari)

श्री हरसूनवे नमः । धत्तूरपत्रं समर्पयामि ।। (Dhatura)

श्री गजकर्णाय नमः । तुलसीपत्रं समर्पयामि ।। (Tulsi)

श्री गुहाग्रजाय नमः । अपामार्गपत्रं समर्पयामि ।। (Aghada)

श्री वक्रतुण्डाय नमः । शमीपत्रं समर्पयामि ।। (Shami)

श्री एकदन्ताय नमः । केतकीपत्रं समर्पयामि ।। (Kevda)

श्री विकटाय नमः । करवीरपत्रं समर्पयामि ।। (Kanher)

श्री विनायकाय नमः । अश्मन्तकपत्रं समर्पयामि ।। (Apta)

श्री कपिलाय नमः । अर्कपत्रं समर्पयामि ।। (Rui)

श्री भिन्नदन्ताय नमः । अर्जुनपत्रं समर्पयामि ।। (Arjunsadada)

श्री पत्नीयुताय नमः । विष्णुक्रान्तापत्रं समर्पयामि ।। (Gokarn)

श्री बटवेनमः । दाडिमीपत्रं समर्पयामि ।। (Pomegranate)

श्री सुरेशाय नमः । देवदारूपत्रं समर्पयामि ।। (Deodhar)

श्री भालचन्द्राय नमः । मरूबकपत्रं समर्पयामि ।। (Marwa)

श्री हेरम्बाय नमः । सिन्दुवारपत्रं समर्पयामि ।। (Nigdi)

श्री शूर्पकर्णाय नमः । जातीपत्रं समर्पयामि ।। (Jai)

श्री सर्वेश्वराय नमः । अगस्तिपत्रं समर्पयामि ।। (Agasti)

22. Nampuja : In this puja, dip durva in paste of red gandha and offer them one by one, while reciting each Name of Shri Ganapati.

23. Dhoopdarshan : Wave frankincense and incense-sticks in a circular manner in front of the Idol.

वनस्पतिरसोद्भूतो गन्धाढ्यो गन्ध उत्तमः ।

आघ्रेयः सर्वदेवानां धूपोऽयं प्रतिगृह्यताम् ।।

श्री उमामहेश्वरसहितश्रीसिद्धिविनायकाय नमः । धूपं समर्पयामि ।।

24. Deepdarshan (Worship with a lit lamp) : Wave a lit metal lamp, called the niranjan, in a circular manner.

आज्यं च वर्तिसंयुक्तं वह्निना योजितं मया ।

दीपं गृहाण देवेश त्रैलोक्यतिमिरापह ।।

भक्त्या दीपं प्रयच्छामि देवाय परमात्मने ।

त्राहि मां निरयाद् घोराद् दीपोऽयं प्रतिगृह्यताम् ।।

श्री उमामहेश्वरसहितश्रीसिद्धिविनायकाय नमः । दीपं समर्पयामि ।।

25. Naivedya : Offer Naivedya in the same manner as described in the purvapuja.

नैवेद्यं गृह्यतां देव भक्तिं मे ह्यचलां कुरु । ईप्सितं मे वरं देहि परत्र च परां गतिम् ।।

शर्कराखण्डखाद्यानि दधिक्षीरघृतानि च । आहारं भक्ष्यभोज्यं च नैवेद्यं प्रतिगृह्यताम् ।।

श्री उमामहेश्वरसहितश्रीसिद्धिविनायकाय नमः ।

पुरतस्थापितमधुरनैवेद्यं निवेदयामि ।।

प्राणाय नमः ।

अपानाय नमः ।

व्यानाय नमः ।

उदानाय नमः ।

समानाय नमः ।

ब्रह्मणे नमः ।।

Worshipper should place one durva on the naivedya and offer the other unto the feet of Shri Siddhivinayak. Take some water in the palm of the right hand and recite following mantra while releasing the water into the tamhan.

नैवेद्यं समर्पयामि । मध्ये पानीयं समर्पयामि । उत्तरापोशनं समर्पयामि ।

हस्तप्रक्षालनं समर्पयामि । मुखप्रक्षालनं समर्पयामि ।।

Apply sandalwood paste to a flower and offer to the Deity.

श्री उमामहेश्वरसहितश्रीसिद्धिविनायकाय नमः । करोद्वर्तनार्थे चन्दनं समर्पयामि ।।

26. Tambul : Place betel leaves in front of the Deity and pour water over them.

27. Dakshina : Place the monetary offerings on betel leaves along with the betel nut and pour water over it.

28. Phalasamarpan : Place a coconut with its tip towards the Deity and pour water over it. If a coconut is not available, use a seasonal fruit. (The Shakti of the Deity enters from the pointed tip of the coconut. Later, when devotees consume it as Prasad, they receive that Shakti.)

29. Arti : Amidst singing of hymns, perform the Arti and recite ‘घालीन लोटांगण’.

(Note : Presently the sequence ‘Mantrapushpanjali, circumambulation and obeisance’ is being followed; however, the scriptures advise the sequences of ‘obeisance, circumambulation and Mantrapushpanjali’. Hence, the sequence mentioned in this text is the latter.)

30. Paying obeisance and circumambulation : The worshipper should pay obeisance by prostrating before the Deity while reciting the following shloka.

नमः सर्वहितार्थाय जगदाधारहेतवे । साष्टाङ्गोऽयं प्रणामस्ते प्रयत्नेन मया कृतः ।।

नमोऽस्त्वनन्ताय सहस्त्रमूर्तये सहस्त्रपादाक्षिशिरोरुबाहवे ।।

सहस्त्रनाम्ने पुरुषाय शाश्वते सहस्त्रकोटीयुगधारिणे नमः ।।

श्री उमामहेश्वरसहितश्रीसिद्धिविनायकाय नमः । नमस्कारान् समर्पयामि ।।

The worshipper should join both the hands in the namaskar mudra and circumambulate standing in one place thrice while reciting the following mantra

यानि कानि च पापानि जन्मान्तरकृतानि च ।

तानि तानि विनश्यन्ति प्रदक्षिणपदे पदे ।।

अन्यथा शरणं नास्ति त्वमेव शरणं मम् ।

तस्मात्कारुण्यभावेन रक्ष माम् परमेश्वर ।।

श्री उमामहेश्वरसहितश्रीसिद्धिविनायकाय नमः । प्रदक्षिणां समर्पयामि ।।

31. Mantrapushpanjali :

श्री उमामहेश्वरसहितश्रीसिद्धिविनायकाय नमः । मंत्रपुष्पांजलिं समर्पयामि ।

Offer flowers accompanied by recitation of mantra ‘ॐ यज्ञेन यज्ञमयजंत’.

32. Prayer : Pray by reciting the following mantra, then take some water on the palm and release it into the tamhan.

आवाहनं न जानामि न जानामि तवार्चनम् । पूजां चैव न जानामि क्षम्यतां परमेश्वर ।।

मन्त्रहीनं क्रियाहीनं भक्तिहीनं सुरेश्वर । यत्पूजितं मया देव परिपूर्णं तदस्तु मे ।।

अपराधसहस्त्राणि क्रियन्तेऽहर्निशं मया । दासोऽयमिति मां मत्वा क्षमस्व परमेश्वर ।।

कायेन वाचा मनसेन्द्रियैर्वा बुद्ध्यात्मना वा प्रकृतिस्वभावात् ।

करोमि यद्यत् सकलं परस्मै नारायणायेति समर्पयेत्तत् ।।

अनेन देशकालाद्यनुसारतः कृतपूजनेन ।

श्री उमामहेश्वरसहितश्रीसिद्धिविनायकदेवता प्रीयतां ।। (Take some water in the right hand palm and release it in the tamhan.)

प्रीतो भवतु । तत्सद्ब्रह्माऽर्पणमस्तु ।।

33. Obeisance offered by the devotees : Those present for the Arti and Mantrapushpanjali (as well as those who come to pay obeisance at any time during the day), should offer flowers and durva to Shri Ganapati and prostrate before Him. The members of the family in the house should offer Prasad to them.

34. Partaking of Tirth (Holy liquid) : Tirth should be partaken of after reciting the mantra अकालमृत्युहरणं सर्वव्याधिविनाशनम् । देवपादोदकं तीर्थं जठरे धारयाम्यहम् ।।

Madhyapujavidhi (Intermediate ritualistic worship)

So long as the Idol of Shri Ganapati is there in the house, it should be ritualistically worshipped in the morning and evening in the normal way, excluding the consecration of the Idol. The worship should be concluded by performing Arti and Mantrapushpanjali.

Reference : Sanstha’s Holy Text ‘ festivals, Religious festivals and Vowed religious observances’