Rangapanchami is celebrated on Phalgun Krushna paksha Panchami (Fifth day of the dark fortnight of the month of Phalgun). Today, at many places the festival of Rangpanchami is celebrated on the day after Holi. This day is celebrated by throwing gulal and splashing coloured water on others.
This festival is a symbol of victory over the Raja-Tama components. The fire that shines with its brilliance on Holi, decomposes the Raja-Tama particles in the atmosphere and this helps activate various Deities in the form of colours. This Anand (Bliss) is celebrated by throwing colours in the air. Thus, Rangapanchami is a symbol of victory over Raja-Tama components. Rangapanchami involves invocation of Deities and is a part of worship of their manifest form. Its purpose is to activate the five elements of radiant manifest colours and to touch and feel the Deities, who are attracted to the respective colours. These five elements help activate the element of the Deities according to the spiritual emotion of the jiva (Embodied soul). Rangapanchami is the worship of the saviour form of the Deities.
– H.H. (Mrs.) Anjali Gadgil
Importance of using natural colours in Holi
While explaining the importance of natural colours Dr. Das says, “Since the season changes at the time of Holi, there is a harmful imbalance in the atmosphere. With their special qualities, natural colours are capable of controlling harmful effects with the help of sunlight”.
1. Take flowers of Palas (Butea Monosperma), soak them in water overnight and strain the water in the morning. Add rose water or Kewada essence for fragrance. Colour obtained from Palas removes excess heat from the body and protects it from skin diseases.
2. For yellow, take a spoon of turmeric, mix it with a bowl of wheat flour/gram flour or refined flour. This is good for the skin.
3. Use only henna powder or mix it with wheat / gram / refined flour.
4. Purple can be obtained by keeping pieces of beetroot in water for some time.
5. For shining yellow, soak dry marigold flowers in water overnight and add a little turmeric to it in the morning.
6. There is one more method of preparing natural colours. If flowers of Palas, marigold etc. are boiled in water adding a little of oil, we can get good colours.
Bathe with turmeric added to marigold flowers or adding colour of jalebi to Palas or mix flours (wheat/gram etc.). One can rub cow dung and Gomutra on the body while bathing. This will help the body keep away from harm due to season change, it will increase immunity, righteous way of thinking, intellect etc.
Do not play Holi using colours made from chemicals and become your own enemy, as also of your friends and family !
Curbing malpractices during Holi
and Rangapanchami is our religious duty!
There are a lot of malpractices taking place under the pretext of celebrating Holi today. One should not cut blooming trees for obtaining wood for lighting in the fire or steal wood and cow dung cakes. One should not forcefully collect money from the public for celebrating Holi. Similarly, on the day of Rangpanchami, people indulge in malpractices such as eve teasing, throwing dirty water balloons, applying dangerous dyes to the body, playing loud obscene music, gambling, drinking alcohol etc. These malpractices harm Dharma, and hence, putting an end to them is our religious duty. Spread this word in the society and even after doing so, if you come across such incidents, lodge complaints with the Police. Sanatan Sanstha conducts public awareness campaigns in this regard.
Reference : Sanatan’s Holy Text ‘Holy festivals, Religious festivals and Vowed religious observances’